Various Types of Gardening and its Tools

Gardening is the act of growing and cultivating the organic things, that are highly hygienic to us. Gardening is done on a piece of ground, that will be considered as a garden, where multiple things can be cultivated like flower, herbs, vegetables, fruits etc. It also purifies the environment and keeps us connected with nature.

Basic Tools Needed for the Gardening

  • Gloves protects us from getting into the direct touch of germs present in the soil and protect our skin from cuts and other harms.
  • Pruning saw is a useful tool for cutting the small branches and shrubs.
  • Hand trowel is useful in weeding the new plants and for small digging purposes.
  • Rake helps us to clear the ground from leaves or small stones and bring the level of soil equal.
  • Shears does the work of trimming of long grasses to bring them back into the shape.
  • Garden cart makes easy to carry the soil from one place to another and also to collect the waste material for dumping at a place.
  • Garden hose is a pipe made of rubber for gardening purpose, used to water the plants for their better cultivation.
  • Looper is a tool used for cutting the thick branches of a tree

Types of Gardening

Organic gardening is one of the special type of gardening because it does not include any pesticides and inorganic things. This can be treated as a true gardening to get healthy and hygienic food.

Roof gardening created on the roof of a building, if the piece of ground is not available. This provides the benefit of food, a decorative area and also controls the temperature.

Raised gardening is adopted where the nature of soil doesn’t appear good for gardening. In raised gardening beds planting and harvesting is easy and also stands as an extremely attractive medium to stretch the imagination.

Miniature gardening can also be treated as a fairy gardening. It is a combination of accessories, furniture, garden tools and structure to create a appealing environment at home. Miniature gardening can be done as indoor and outdoor also.

1. Indoor miniature garden

Indoor miniature garden consist such plants that are able to survive in low degree of light and indoor conditions.

  • Terrarium

Terrarium, is a method to enclose a miniature plant or garden in glass container. It has the capability of standing in low light and high moisture.

  • Pots and container

Indoor miniature garden involves pots and containers having drainage holes to drain the extra water from the bottom part. In addition, to keep the environment clean, we can place the plate below the pot or container to store extra draining water.

2. Outdoor miniature garden

To do the outdoor miniature gardening, we must consider the weather zones while planting in any climate.

  • Landscapes

Landscapes is a collection of soil, plants and creative theme, that bring altogether to create a beautiful scene and equally bring educational environment among the children.

  • Pots and containers

For outdoor miniature gardening pots and containers should have proper drainage system. Containers made of clay are normally spongy in nature and helps in leaking the extra water out.

How is Miniature Gardening More Preferable?

Miniature gardening needs very less time for weeding and watering, because plants are grouped at one place. And plants can be placed strategically and in a well-designed manner in a container anywhere at home, which adds more value and make the home more pleasing.

As it grows in containers, it creates very less problems with diseases than such plants which are grown in soil of a open ground. We can set up the plants according to our preferences and as per the season too.

Indoor miniature garden occupies very less space at home and also easy to move from a sunny to shady location depending upon our suitability, during the day.

Gardening as a Relaxation Hobby

When life gets busy we all look for various ways to relax and unwind our stress. Either we seek entertainment activities or cultivate some hobbies to get away from all our work pressures. Among many hobbies gardening is one such relaxation technique that can make us forget all our problems for a while and keep our body and mind stress free.

Why take up gardening as a hobby?
It may be surprising for many to think that a hobby involving physical labor be considered as a relaxation method. It can be a sport or some other activity involving manual labor that people can adopt to release their stress, instead why do they have to go for gardening? Well, the answer is very simple. Gardening keeps us close to nature and it gives a great pleasure and the sense of achievement when we witness the blooming flowers and fruits. The tiredness we experience working with the soil will vanish as soon as we see the fully grown beautiful plants and flowers that we have accomplished through our gardening effort.

 Also Read: Importance of Vegetable Garden’s Location

How can we relax through gardening?
If you are a beginner and never done gardening before, caring for the plants can be a little overwhelming. Then you may have to go through some tips before you start planning for your own garden. Those who already have this activity in their daily routine, might already be enjoying the benefits of it. Besides many health benefits, spending some time alone in the garden and getting our hands dirty acts as a therapy for our body and mind because it reduces the level of stress hormones called cortisol. In fact it has been proven that just merely looking at the colors and textures of plant can invoke calmness in a persons mind and regulate the blood pressure levels, heart activity and muscle tension. Instead of sweating out in gyms for hours to reduce weight, people are now including a few extra hours of moderate gardening activity in their daily lives because it not only works as a good physical exercise, but also stimulates the positive well being of mind.

Also Read:Rain Garden: Steps to Create & its Benefits

What should be our gardening regime?
There is no need to push yourself and do it as a duty everyday because instead of relaxation it can turn into forceful activity. All you need to do is whenever there is a free time, take a break from your daily routine and grab this opportunity for some gardening activity so that it can recharge your body with new energy and bring the inhibited emotions out of your mind.

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Know about cavities – Types and preventive measures

The common word that most of us hear when we go to dentist for oral checkup is ‘Cavity’. We generally learn about tooth decay and cavities right from the childhood and try to keep ourselves away from them by following good dental practices. Cavities, which can be otherwise described as holes, are caused by tooth decay that usually starts by attacking the tooth enamel and gradually progress deep inside to the underlying layers of dentin. When the cavities are deep, people experience enormous pain when they eat or drink because the nerve inside the tooth gets exposed to the food. Cavities are normal to children and adults, particularly when people eat lot of carbohydrates and sugars, which react with bacteria inside the mouth to form acids that decay the tooth.

They are generally divided into several types based on the occurrence in the tooth –

  • Coronal cavities – It is one of the most common types that generally occurs on the top of the tooth or between the teeth where chewing mostly happens. The reason for this type of cavity could be anything, from poor diet habits to not following the proper oral care practices.
  • Root cavities – Generally when part of tooth root is exposed, it gets decayed quickly because there is no enamel covering it as a protection. These cavities are very common in older adults who are more likely to have receding gums for many reasons, either due to periodontal disease or may be improper brushing practices.
  • Recurrent tooth decay – Sometimes the bacteria and food particles collect in the gaps between the fillings and crowns, gradually leading to formation of plaque, tooth decay and cavity. The possibility of developing recurrent decay is more if the crown is not properly placed or if the filling wears leaving a good amount of gap for the food particles to slip in.

How to prevent occurrence of cavities?

Follow good oral practices
Brush at least twice a day with fluoride rich toothpaste and if possible use soft bristles in order to avoid hard brushing. It is a good practice to brush before going to bed so that bacteria in the mouth will not develop acids that can damage the enamel resulting in tooth decay. Since cavities can be formed more in the areas like between the teeth, on the chewing surface area and below the gum line, make sure you floss the teeth regularly before brushing to avoid the formation of plaque. It is important to keep your mouth fresh and clean, by rinsing it with a good fluoride mouth wash after each meal.
Avoid cavity formation food
Keep yourself away from sugary and starchy foods which can really harm your teeth by developing cavities. Of course, no body can really stay away from eating sugars, but if at all you are having a big bite of sugary food, make sure you brush it afterwards or at least rinse with a mouth wash. Having sweets or sticky foods in the mouth for longer period can eat away the tooth enamel quickly, which may even worsen into tooth decay and deep cavity.
Avoid smoking
Cigarettes and chewing tobacco are the main reasons for ruining the oral health in teenagers and adults. Inhaling toxic substances through your mouth not only fades the color of the teeth into yellow but damages the general health as well. It initially starts with staining the teeth, then develops plaque & tartar, which eventually leads to bad breath, tooth decay, gum disease, cavities etc.
Have regular dental checkups
Go for regular checkups at least once in six months to prevent the problems at the initial stage rather than developing them into complicated issues. Thorough cleaning and regular checkups at the dentists office will reduce the possibility of developing cavities, and increase in the dental hygiene. During doctor visit, the dentist will carefully exam each tooth using a dental instrument and look for the signs that may possibly lead to cavities or tooth decay.

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Types of Draft Fans

Boiler system has many types of fans such as primary air fans, gas respiration fans and draft fans. Draft fans are broadly classified into two main typesID Fan based on the area of application in the industry. The type of arrangement used may vary based on the application need.

Forced Draft Fans

Forced draft fan is a kind of pressurized fan that gives positive energy inside a system. They are mostly used in industries in order to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler system. In a typical boiler system inlet and outlet dampers are utilized in order to maintain the pressure inside the system. A forced draft fan uses a wheel at the center that is hanged on the shaft along with inlet boxes. By the use of forced draft fans, regulation of air flow in large and small industries can be achieved more effectively. Resistance to impact, slip and corrosion are some of the additional benefits of using forced draft fans. Forced draft fans are easier to maintain in air coolers because of the ease operation with the belt, fans and motors.

Advantages of Forced Draft Fans

  • Forced draft requires lower horsepower
  • Easy maintenance
  • Good accessibility of bundles for replacements
  • Can bear high inlet temperatures

Disadvantages of Forced Draft Fans

  • Distribution of air is not uniform
  • Higher chance of hot air recirculation which result from low discharge velocity from bundles and high intake velocity from fan rig.
  • When the fan fails natural draft capability is less.
  • The parts are exposed to the sun, rain which result in poor process control.

Induced Draft fans

Induced draft fans creates negative pressure inside the boiler so that the burnt fuel gases exhaust out from the chimney. Induced fan sits on the path ID Fanof the hot products of the combustion. They pull things out from the furnace. Introduction of induced draft fans proved the improvement of efficiency by wasting less air from outside. These fans no longer rely on the gravity of the exhaust gases.
Heat exchangers are designed not to slow the products of combustion as they moved by convection inside the furnace. If the exhaust products are slowed down it makes the heat exchanger less efficient and we loose the draft up the chimney. Induced draft system eliminates the problem in the heat exchanger. If induced draft system is not used, it requires extra dilution of air to burn the natural gas. If induced draft fan is utilized, then there is no need for automatic vent damper anymore because when the fan is off, it eliminates the airflow through the venting system.

Advantages of Induced Draft Fans

  • Better distribution of air.
  • The hot air is discharged upward at a higher velocity than the intake velocity.
  • Increased capability in fan off or fan failure situation, due to greater natural draft effect.

Disadvantages of Induced Draft Fans

  • Requires high horsepower if the air supplied is very hot.
  • Supplied air is limited to lower temperatures.
  • Fans are less accessible for maintenance.

Depending upon the need one can use either forced or induced, axial or centrifugal fan. It is also important to consider the direction of the air or exhaust gas flow while selecting the types of  draft fans.

Understanding Dental Implants and its Procedure

Dental implant is an artificial tooth root placed into the jaw to hold a bridge or a replacement tooth. Dental implant is best option for people who have lost teeth or a tooth due to injury, periodontal disease, and may be through some other reason.

Types of dental implants

There are two types of dental implants such as :

  • Sub-periosteal (on the bone): This type of dental implants are placed above the jaw with the metal framework that pops out through the gum to support the prosthesis. These are helpful for patients who have very low bone height and are unable to have customary dentures.
  • Endo-steal (in the bone): This is one of the commonly used dental implant. They include cylinders, blades and screws that can be placed surgically into the jaw bone. Each implant in general supports one or more prosthetic teeth. This type of implant is used as an alternative for patients with removable dentures or bridges.

The ideal candidate to have dental implant should have good oral health. Adequate bone and healthy gums that are free of periodontal disease should be present in the jaw to support the implant. Dental implants are closely connected with the underlying bone and the gum tissues in the mouth.

Dental implant procedure: Depending on the type of implant chosen and the specific condition, periodontist and dentist determine how and where the implant should be placed and what treatment plans are feasible to meet the patients’ specific needs.

  • Replacing all of your teeth: If all the teeth are missing or absent, an implant supporting full denture or full bridge can replace them.
  • Replacing several teeth: If many or several teeth are missing then implant supportive bridges will help to replace them.
  • Replacing a single tooth: One crown or an implant can replace missing single tooth.
  • Ridge modification: Impairment in the lower or upper jaw can leave inadequate bone in the place where dental implants can be placed. To set right this problem, the gum is lifted from the ridge to expose the defected bone. Then the defect is filled with bone substitute or bone to build up the ridge. This method have shown that it greatly improves the appearance and also increase the chance for successful implants that can last for long duration.
  • Sinus augmentation: The key factor for successful implant is the quality and quantity of the bone where it has to be placed. It is very difficult to place dental implants successfully in the upper back jaw due to the proximity of the sinus and insufficient bone quality and quantity. Sinus augmentation can help solving this problem by bringing up the sinus floor and promote the bone to grow for placing the implants.
  • After treatment care: As it is known, teeth require thorough oral care and regular dental visits. Similarly, dental implants are like our own teeth and requires the same care. In order to keep the implant plaque free and clean, flossing and brushing regularly is necessary.

Air Abrasion: the Dental Care Technique that Does Not Involve a Dental Drill

Air abrasion is a drill less technique used by dentists to remove tooth decay and for other applications.

How does air abrasion work?
During air abrasion, an instrument sprays a fine stream of particles on the decayed portion of the tooth. These particles constitute fine dust of silica, aluminum oxide, or a mixture of baking soda and are sprayed toward the tooth surface by compressed air or a gas that runs through the equipment. As the process of spraying the particles goes on the decay in the tooth is removed.

Precautions while using air abrasion technique
Protective goggles should be used to prevent eye irritation from the spray and the use of a rubber sheet that fits around teeth thus protecting the surrounding teeth and tissues from harmful effects. The sucking of particles also prevents them from going to the lungs.

Benefits of using air abrasion for tooth decay

  • Air abrasion does not involve noise, pressure, heat or vibration.
  • There is no need of anesthesia. This is more so when the cavity is shallow.
  • Air abrasion makes the dry, which is advantageous during the placement of composite fillings.
  • Risk of fracture and chipping that may cause damage to the tooth is minimal, Fracture/damage could affect the life span of the filling.
  • Air abrasion is useful for the patient because it helps them get treatment for multiple sites.
  • It’s simple and fast.

Drawbacks in using air abrasion

  • Air abrasion can lead to sensitivity.
  • Air abrasion is not recommended for deep cavities those close to the tooth’s pulp. It is best suited for removing small cavities that form early on the surface of teeth.
  • The technique may not be useful unless the surface created by it is not smooth, which is suitable.

Air abrasion is ideal for children and others who are fearful and have minimal decay. It enables effective and painless treatment. It’s suitable for people who are anxious and fearful regarding the drilling procedures and the pain indulged in going with such procedures.
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Rain Garden: Steps to Create & its Benefits

fairy housesA rain garden is a depression made and deep rooted native plants are planted along with some grasses. It is a flat cavity constructed to receive over flow of water from surfaces like side walk, roof and a driveway. Rain gardens holds the over flow water for short duration of times and enables to penetrate the water into the ground.

Steps to create a rain garden
Following are some basic steps to build your own rain garden:

choose the right location

  • First rule in building a rain garden is that it should be placed about 10 feet away from your home to prevent flooding in the house.
  • Choose naturally occurring low spot in your yard such that the rain water gets directed in to the garden. Prefer a location which is either fully or partially in sun.

Measure the drainage area properly

  • Ensure that the area chosen for rain garden receives water regularly during a rain storm.
  • In case of capturing water from roof or any other surface measuring of that area is required according to the type of soil.

Create an accurate design

  • Planning pf the garden should be done properly either for a small or large garden which helps to opt for the best appearance possible for your garden.

Choosing the right plants

  • Native plants should be selected for planting in rain gardens because they get adapted to the climate easily.
  • Choose plants which can grow well both in wet and dry conditions because the rain water will be present temporarily from time to time.

Garden layout

  • The garden shape and boundary have to be made depending on the design created.

Digging of the garden

  • Dig the garden approximately 4-4 inches deep. Using soil, build an edge around the garden if necessary.

Soil preparation

  • Improve the soil by adding compost up to 2-3 inches and mix it well.


  • Place the plants at appropriate places according to the design using a hand trowel. Ensure that the plants are placed 1 foot apart from each other.

Protecting the garden

  • Coarse, fibrous and shredded wood chips which wont blow or float away can be used for mulching the garden.
  • A 2-3 inch deep mulch have to be placed which helps to retain the moisture and keeping the weeds out.

Watering and making downspouts

  • After successful planting water the garden for alternate days for about two weeks in case of absence of rain.
  • Proper watering along with care and maintenance is required to maintain the quality of the rain garden.

Benefits of rain gardens

  • Rain gardens help to filter runoff pollution thus improving the water quality.
    • Help in increasing the amount of water, which penetrates in to the ground refreshing the regional and local aquifers.Fairy garden
  • Rain gardens enhance the value and attractiveness of your home and neighborhood.
  • Installing rain gardens avoids unnecessary standing of water in your yard and also reduce home flooding.
  • Rain gardens help create a habitat for birds, butterflies and other beneficial insects.
  • It also reduces mosquito breeding.
  • Rain gardens also help in reducing garden maintenance.

Rain gardens are very simple to create and associated with various benefits; and it is better to create a rain garden at your home by considering the above information provided for making an elegant space in your yard.
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Popular Eco-Friendly Countertops for Your Kitchen

Eco-friendly countertops are gaining popularity today as there is an increase in the demand of eco-friednly products in all the industries. If you areminiature garden going to install new countertops or have plans to renovate your kitchen countertops then, try to choose eco-freidnly countertops and be a part of the healthy and pollution free environment. Some of the eco-friendly countertops that you can use for your kitchen are:

This is a recycled countertop completely. As it is 100 percent made of glass, it has a translucent appearance. Bio-glass countertops are made of water bottle, wine bottles, etc. Glass is also mixed with other materials for getting a smooth finish. Using recycled materials will make choose this bio-glass countertops more Eco-friendly.

Paper stone
It is the most recycled paper countertop material and made of 100 percent petroleum-free resin, pigments and post consumer recycled paper. It has a beautiful appearance and it gives a warm look and smooth appearance. This stone is heat resistant but only to a limited extent. Therefore, take care if you are using too hottest pans on the countertop. It is ideal for the budget conscious people.

Bamboo is the best eco-friendly countertop and is a quick renewable source. Bamboo is much stronger and harder when compared to many hardwoods. Check with the availability of the bamboo countertops before you go for the purchase. It looks soothing to the eyes if you have bamboo countertops in your kitchen. The cost of the bamboo countertops is not too more and not too less and it also depends on the availability.

Icestone countertops are made of fine glass particles of glass set on a pigmented cement. But, this is a porous material and requires sealing along with regular care and maintenance. These are most popular recycled countertops and a spectrum of colors are available in the icestone.

Squak mountain
It is seen as a natural stone with beautiful look. It is a mix of recycled paper, glass that is combined with cement. This is a durable countertop like concrete or stone. You need to take extra care if you use this squak mountain as a countertop in your kitchen.

Concreteminiature trees
Concrete is used in the construction since many years. It is also used as a countertop material as they are sustainable, but it requires dye to achieve multitude color and also the surface should be polished to give it a smooth look.

These are a few eco-friendly countertops that you can use for your kitchen and make your kitchen eco-friendly with all the green products.
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All About Online Advertising

What is online advertising?
adserverTill now we are much acquainted with the traditional way of marketing that used media like newspapers, television advertisements, magazines, books, pamphlets, etc. Now the picture has changed and the trend is shifting towards online advertising. As the name says, online advertising is all about using the internet platform to market and target the product. The incredible and excessive use of internet in today’s scenario has proved to be a worthy tool to market the product and services. Apparently, internet is accessible and viable to everyone and getting popular among the masses these days.

Types of internet advertising
When it comes to the mode and diversity of approach, surely internet marketing has a lot to offer over the traditional way of marketing. Unlike the traditional ways of marketing, internet marketing is diverse and catchy. The methods of approach can be made interactive and attractive. Different types of online marketing are as follows:

  • Email marketing: Email marketing uses emails as a medium to communicate and interact with the prospective customers. Different profiling methods are used to grab the email addresses of the customers and target them with the products. One of the major benefit of email marketing is the fact that it reaches the customer directly.
  • Social media marketing: Social media is being widely used nowadays. Everyone who uses internet has a social media account on one or more sites. Advertising on social media platform gives a good means to reach a number of masses through little efforts.
  • Search engine marketing: The brand websites offer a lot of information to the customers and is a very vital advertising tool. When a customer goes for a search through a search engine, he generally considers the links that are first in the list. Search engine optimization is all about improving the ranking in the search results.
  • Web banners: Most of you might have came across these kind of advertisements. It is the art of sponsoring websites by creating ad space on the website. Many of the free websites displays web ads mostly at the boundaries or corners of the web page.

How does online marketing help businesses?
Trend is steadily shifting from traditional marketing towards the online marketing. This is majorly because of the benefits online marketing has to offer. One of the major benefits is, online marketing is cost effective. It does not use any printing material and base, hence it is cheap. The second one is the reach of the technique. This marketing strategy is equally effective in local, national and international markets and builds a brand name much easily. The speed of approach is also good and the strategist can measure the effectiveness of the campaign.
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Decorate Your Garden With Small Water Fall

Miniature GardenDo you want your garden to be more visually appealing? Then, decorate it with water fall. To construct a small water fall in your home garden you need to follow few steps. Here we have given few simple steps that can help you out.

Select a location
Selecting a location in your garden for waterfall should be in such a way that it should be visually pleasing. In selecting the location, you need to consider the factors like, size of the waterfall, shape, slope and also the foundation. The factors that you consider for your waterfall should match the landscape of the garden. Once you select the location go for stone and material gathering.

Also Read : Importance of Vegetable Garden’s Location

Gather the stone and other materials
Stone has the major role in the waterfall construction, so select various types of stones that are necessary for your waterfall like rock, sand, gravel, quarries, etc. Check their size and color. Ask for their prices and finally select different stones that make your waterfall more beautiful. Without the stone, waterfall is incomplete. You should also collect all the required tools and materials for the construction of waterfall.

Fairy GardenStart digging the selected location
Now, start digging the selected location. This specialized work can’t be completed by your own so you need to take the help of someone. Start digging the selected location which includes the depth and height of the waterfall.

Decorate the waterfall with gravel
Once the digging is completed, lay the liner and put all the waterfall stones. Fill the gaps in between the stones and use the waterfall sealant in between the rocks to make them stick firmly. For creating a good seal you need to apply a foam sealant. The stones should be placed in a layered manner so that it gives a natural look to your waterfall. Once it is over, finally add gravel in the waterfall bed to give earthy appearance. If interested you can also make use of stepping stones.

Also Read: Rain Garden: Steps to Create & its Benefits

Release water
Once all the construction work is over clean the rocks and remove the extra linear. Now, release the water through the pump placed inside the waterfall. Keep washing away the stream and the rock until the water from pump runs clear. With this step, waterfall is completed.

Now start constructing a water fall and give your garden an appealing look.
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