Earlier Taiwan used to come under the Qing Dynasty. Later it was surrendered to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki by China. But at the end of World War II, it was again surrendered to the Kuomintang (KMT) Administration of the Republic of China by Japan.
After the declaration as People’s Republic of China in 1949, Taiwan continued to be controlled by Republic of China forces. They adopted some version of the “One-China policy”, to consider Taiwan as a province of China. But it always boycotted by both officials and politicians of Taiwan. Finally they declared for Taiwan independence.
So, to end the declaration of Taiwan independence and to bring peace and unification in china PRC (People’s Republic of China) amended a law called as “The Anti-Secession Law”. Anti-secession law was ratified on March 14, 2005, and went into effect under the PRC PresidentHu Jintao. He promulgated law as Presidential Decree No. 34 which contained ten articles.
As per the Anti-secession law, PRC government has an authority to use “non-peaceful means” against the “Taiwan independence movement” in the event of a declaration of Taiwan independence. This law in brief states that the aim of the law is:
- To stop the Taiwan independence movement from dividing the country
- To promote reunification and the sovereignty of China.
- To deal with cross-strait relations and non-peaceful action.
At last, some countries certified this law as worthy but few countries certified it as worthless including Taiwan.